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Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Determining Molarity: Molarity and Volume:
(M1 is the molarity of solution one, which has a volume of V1. M2 is the molarity of solution two, which has a volume of V2.)
M1V1 = M2V2

Gas Laws

The Ideal Gas Law:
(P = pressure in atm, V = volume in liters, n = moles, R = 0.082058 L*atm/mol*K, T = temperature in Kelvins)
PV = nRT

Boyle's Law:PV = K

Charles Law:K = V/T

Derivative of the Ideal Gas Law:
(MW = molecular weight, d = density)
MW = dRT / P

Root Mean Square:
(R = 8.3145 J/ K * mol, M = mass of a mole of the gas in kg) Rate of Effusion: Van der Waal's Equation: Thermochemistry:

(q = heat at constant temp) D E   = q + w

(w = work) W = -PDV

DH = DE + D(PV)

c = heat capacity s = specific heat capacity
m = mass of solution Relationship between frequency and wavelength
(c = 2.99979 x 108 m/s) (n = integer, h = Planck's constant = 6.626 x 10-34 J*s) Energy per photon: Equation for special theory of relativity: Calculating Zeff de Broglie's equation: Bonding:

(Q is charge of ions, r shortest distance between centers of the cations and anions) Calculating lattice energy
(k is proportionality constant, Q is charge of ions, r = shortest distance between centers of the cations and anions)  Bond Order: Formal Charge: Liquids and Solids:
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
(R = 8.3145 J/K mol) Solutions:
Molality: Psoln:  vapor pressure of the solution
Xsolvent: mole fraction of solvent
Psolvent: vapro pressure of pure solvent Mass Percent: Modified osmotic pressure formula for electrolytes Henry's Law
P: partial pressure of gaseous solute
C: concentration of dissolved gas
k: constant Boiling point elevation
m: molality
Kb: constant Freezing Point Depression
m: molality
Kf: constant p: osmotic pressure
M: molarity
R: 0.082616 L*atm/K*mol van't Hoff factor Modified for electrolyte solutions
m: molality
K: freezing/boiling point constant Chemical Kinetics:
 Zero Order First Order Second Order Rate Law   Integrated Rate Law   Half-life   General Rate Law: Arrhenius Equation
the whole e^(stuff) equation represents the fraction of collisions with sufficient energy to produce a rxn Derived Arrhenius Equation Chemical Equilibrium:

Calculating Equilibrium Constant: Dn = coefficients of gaseous products - coefficients gaseous reactants Acids and Bases:

Equilibrium Expressions:
HA <--> H+ + A-    % Dissociation Spontaneity, Gibbs Free Energy:   Gibbs Free Energy:       n = number of moles of electrons transferred   news | about us | contact us tutorials index | organic chemistry | practice tests | online quizzes | reference tools site copyright (c) 2002-2013 Learn Chem