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1. DS for the universe is:
always positive
sometimes positive
always negative
sometimes negative
constant

2. Rubidium has a heat of vaporization of 69.0 kJ/mol at its boiling point (686oC). For the process Rb(l)-->Rb(g) at 1 atm and 686oC. Calculate the value of DG.
0
69.0 kJ/mol
71.9 J/K mol
61.0 kJ/mol
-7.97 kJ/mol

3. If an endorthermic reaction is spontaneous at 298 K, which of the following must be true for the reaction?
DG is greater than zero
DG is greater than zero
DG and DH are greater than zero
DH and DS are greater than zero
DG, DH, DS are all greater than zero

4. In which case MUST a reaction be spontaneous, independent of T?
DH = 0, DS must be positive.
DH = 0, DS is negative.
DS = 0, DH is positive.
DH is negative, DS is positive.
None of these

5. Which of these statements is false?
For a spontaneous reaction DG is negative
Independent of T, a reaction must be spontaneous if DH = 0 and DS is positive
A spontaneous reaction is always fast
A spontaneous reaction occurs without outside intervention
None of the above is false

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