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1. If an endorthermic reaction is spontaneous at 298 K, which of the following must be true for the reaction?
DG is greater than zero
DG is greater than zero
DG and DH are greater than zero
DH and DS are greater than zero
DG, DH, DS are all greater than zero

2. Choose the correct statement.
Exothermic reactions are always spontaneous
High temperature ensures a spontaneous reaction
Free energy is independent of temperature
A reaction with negative DS cannot be spontaneous
none of the above

3. The second law of thermodynamics states that:
the entropy of a perfect crystal is zero at 0 K.
the entropy of the universe is constant
the energy of the universe is increasing.
the entropy of the universe is increasing.
the energy of the universe is constant.

4. A change of state occurs within a system and produces 64.0 kB of heat which is transferred to the surrounding at a constant pressure and a constant temperature of 300K. For this process DSsurroundings is:
64.0 kJ
-64.0 kJ
-213 J/K
213 J/K
none of these

5. For a reaction, the DS = -30J/K and DH=25kJ. Is this reaction spontaneous at STP?
no
yes
need more info
only at high pressures
only at low pressures

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